Revised IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process Implementation Plan

15 December 2011

Following the ICANN Board’s approval on 8 December 2011 of the amendment to the IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process Implementation Plan, ICANN is providing this notice of publication for the Revised Implementation Plan. This amendment was considered following guidance received from the ccNSO during the ICANN meeting in Dakar, Senegal.

Two versions are posted: 1) the revised IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process Implementation Plan (http://www.icann.org/en/topics/idn/fast-track/idn-cctld-implementation-plan-15dec11-en.pdf [PDF, 851 KB]) and 2) a version that tracks the changes from the previous version (http://www.icann.org/en/topics/idn/fast-track/idn-cctld-implementation-plan-redline-15dec11-en.pdf [PDF, 902 KB]). The community should take note that the original version of the IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process Implementation Plan is now archived and superseded by the Revised Implementation Plan.

Background

On 26 October 2011, the ccNSO Council approved a resolution and communicated it in a letter from ccNSO Chair to ICANN Board Chair asking the Board to direct staff to amend the relevant sections of the IDN ccTLD Fast Track Implementation Plan. The amendment is to address specific cases when a requested IDN ccTLD string may be confusingly similar with the two-letter ASCII ccTLD corresponding to the same country or territory.

This work was developed out of the ccNSO Council Resolution from the ICANN meeting in San Francisco in March 2011. This resolution requested a sub-group of the IDN ccPDP Working Group 1 to develop, as soon as possible, guidelines (within the framework of the existing rules for the Fast Track) to improve the predictability of the evaluation process relating to string confusion as defined in the IDNC WG Final Report and the Final Implementation Plan, as adopted by the ICANN Board in November 2009.

ICANN conducted an initial review of the IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process and its implementation between October 2010 – January 2011. A summary and analysis was published in February and the Board acknowledged the Fast Track review at the ICANN meeting in March 2011.

The IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process Implementation Plan was approved by the ICANN Board at its meeting in Seoul, Republic of Korea in October 2009. A link to the original Implementation Plan may be found at: http://www.icann.org/en/topics/idn/fast-track/idn-cctld-implementation-plan-16nov09-en.pdf [PDF, 498 KB]

Domain .РФ success is one of the major events in 2011

On 22 November 2011, the Federal Agency for Printed and Mass Media (Rospechat) in tandem with the Russian Association for Electronic Communications (RAEC) co-organized a press conference “Runet: year in review and prospects of expansion” at the RIA Novosti press center . Andrey Kolesnikov, the CC’s CEO, took part in the press conference.

In his presentation, Sergey Plutogarenko, the RAEC’s CEO, listed major 2011 Runet developments. One of those, in his opinion, was the success of the Cyrillic domain .РФ. “By the end of the year, the number of domain names registered in zone .РФ nearly hit one million; it can now be asserted that the domain not only exists and functions successfully, but is popular with users,” – noted S. Plutogarenko. As to other major highlights of the year, he noted IPOs by two leading Russian Internet companies, Yandex and Mail.ru Group, as well as a rapid expansion of mobile Internet and e- commerce in Russia.

Andrey Kolesnikov, the CC’s CEO, elaborated on domain .РФ. “Russian domain space keep expanding and by its size already holds leading positions worldwide,” – noticed he. As of today, domain .РФ boasts 930,567 registered domain names, with 58.7% of them already delegated and 35% – actively used by their owners. As of today, more than a half of domains registered in November 2010, in the first month of the open registration period, have already been extended. “I figure, next year, domain .РФ will hit a mark of 1,000,000 registered domain names, – added A. Kolesnikov, – and we will have new equally exciting projects. We kicked off preparations for the applying for another top-level domain – .ДЕТИ, which should for an Internet space reserved exclusively for the youngest users.”

Mikhail Seslavinsky, Head of Rospechat, noted that the Internet forms a main source of information for 25% of Russians. “It’s a very significant figure. Some 57 million people use the Internet weekly, and the young Internet audience is growing constantly. Gradually, the Internet becomes available in libraries and educational organizations. More and more people go online using mobile devices.” M. Seslavinsky also added that 70% of users go online in search of information, 59% – to log in social networks and another 53%- to read news. “People are learning to look for relevant information online and begin to trust the Internet as a source of information.”

The press conference was also attended by Olga Brukovskaya, Vice-President on marketing, Mail.ru Group; Oleg Rumyantsev, pr-director of Rostelekom; Marina Treschova, General Director, Fast Lane Ventures; and Denis Davydov, Director of the Safer Internet League.

cctld.ru

IDN Implementation Guidelines v.3

Following the ICANN Board’s acceptance at the October 2011 meeting in Dakar, Senegal, ICANN is today providing notice of implementation for version 3.0 of the Guidelines for Implementation of Internationalized Domain Names. The IDN Guidelines are a list of general standards that many top-level domain registries deploying IDNs are required to follow based on the Internationalized Domain Names for Applications (IDNA) protocol standard from the IETF.

The Guidelines document was developed by IDN Guidelines Revision Working Group (comprised of ccTLD and gTLD registry representatives with IDN experience supported by ICANN staff). The new version modifies the current Version 2.2 to reflect the IDNABIS revision (“IDNA2008 protocol”) of the initial IDNA protocol (“IDNA2003”). ICANN previously published a draft version of the guidelines for public comment (see http://www.icann.org/en/public-comment/idn-guidelines-revision-27jul11-en.htm). The ICANN Board of Directors endorsed version 3.0 of the IDN Guidelines during their meeting on 28 October 2011. Registries offering IDN registrations should begin transitioning to version 3.0 of the IDN Guidelines.

The Internationalized Domain Names for Applications (IDNA) protocol is the technical standard for the implementation of IDNs for TLD registries, registrars and software developers that make IDNs available for their customers. The IDNA protocol references and further detail about the 2008 revision can be found here: http://www.icann.org/en/topics/idn/rfcs.htm

Malaysia Successfully Passes String Evaluation

20 October 2011

ICANN is pleased to announce the successful completion of String Evaluation on proposed IDN ccTLD string for Malaysia.

Details of the successful evaluation are provided here: http://www.icann.org/en/topics/idn/fast-track/string-evaluation-completion-m-en.htm#my.

The IDN (Internationalized Domain Name) ccTLD Fast Track Process was approved by the ICANN Board at its annual meeting in Seoul, South Korea on 30 October 2009. First requests were received starting 16 November 2009. The process enables countries and territories to submit requests to ICANN for IDN ccTLDs, representing their respective country or territory names in scripts other than Latin. IDN ccTLD requesters must fulfill a number of requirements:

  • the script used to represent the IDN ccTLDs must be non-Latin;
  • the languages used to express the IDN ccTLDs must be official in the corresponding country or territory; and
  • a specific set of technical requirements must be met (as evaluated by an external DNS Stability Panel comprised of DNS and IDN experts).

The request and evaluation processes entail three steps:

  • Preparation (by the requester in the country / territory): Community consensus is built for which IDN ccTLD to apply for, how it is run, and which organization will be running it, along with preparing and gathering all the required supporting documentation. Requests are submitted through an online system together with additional material supporting the process at http://www.icann.org/en/topics/idn/fast-track/.
  • String Evaluation: Requests are evaluated in accordance with the technical and linguistic requirements for the IDN ccTLD string(s) criteria described above.
  • String Delegation: Requests successfully meeting string evaluation criteria are eligible to apply for delegation following the same ICANN IANA process as is used for ASCII based ccTLDs. Requesters submit string delegation requests to IANA root zone management: root-mgmt@iana.org.

With this announcement, a total of 29 countries/territories requests have successfully passed through the String Evaluation. Of these, 20 countries/territories (represented by 30 IDN ccTLDs) are delegated in the DNS root zone; with the remainder either readying to apply, or actively applying for, delegation of the string. Up-to-date numbers about the IDN Fast Track Program will continue to be provided on the Fast Track Process web page at http://www.icann.org/en/topics/idn/fast-track/ and at the ICANN Dashboard on Performance Metrics at https://charts.icann.org/public/index-idn.html.

IDN ccTLD Request From Kazakhstan Successfully Passes String Evaluation

ICANN is pleased to announce the successful completion of String Evaluation on proposed IDN ccTLD string for Kazakhstan.

Details of the successful evaluation are provided here: http://www.icann.org/en/topics/idn/fast-track/string-evaluation-completion-k-en.htm#kz.

The IDN (Internationalized Domain Name) ccTLD Fast Track Process was approved by the ICANN Board at its annual meeting in Seoul, South Korea on 30 October 2009. First requests were received starting 16 November 2009. The process enables countries and territories to submit requests to ICANN for IDN ccTLDs, representing their respective country or territory names in scripts other than Latin. IDN ccTLD requesters must fulfill a number of requirements:

  • the script used to represent the IDN ccTLDs must be non-Latin;
  • the languages used to express the IDN ccTLDs must be official in the corresponding country or territory; and
  • a specific set of technical requirements must be met (as evaluated by an external DNS Stability Panel comprised of DNS and IDN experts).

The request and evaluation processes entail three steps:

  • Preparation (by the requester in the country / territory): Community consensus is built for which IDN ccTLD to apply for, how it is run, and which organization will be running it, along with preparing and gathering all the required supporting documentation. Requests are submitted through an online system together with additional material supporting the process at http://www.icann.org/en/topics/idn/fast-track/.
  • String Evaluation: Requests are evaluated in accordance with the technical and linguistic requirements for the IDN ccTLD string(s) criteria described above.
  • String Delegation: Requests successfully meeting string evaluation criteria are eligible to apply for delegation following the same ICANN IANA process as is used for ASCII based ccTLDs. Requesters submit string delegation requests to IANA root zone management: root-mgmt@iana.org.

With this announcement, a total of 28 countries/territories requests have successfully passed through the String Evaluation. Of these, 20 countries/territories (represented by 30 IDN ccTLDs) are delegated in the DNS root zone; with the remainder either readying to apply, or actively applying for, delegation of the string. Up-to-date numbers about the IDN Fast Track Program will continue to be provided on the Fast Track Process web page at http://www.icann.org/en/topics/idn/fast-track/ and at the ICANN Dashboard on Performance Metrics at https://charts.icann.org/public/index-idn.html.

ICANN looks forward to enabling the availability of non-Latin country-code domains for countries that meet the Fast Track Process requirements.  ICANN will continue to accept new string evaluation requests in the Fast Track Process.  Staff support is available to help all countries and territories interested in participating in the Fast Track Process. Please email idncctldrequests@icann.org for any inquiries for participation.

IDN.vn Surpasses Standard ASCII.VN Registrations

Dot VN, Inc., (http://www.dotvn.com) (OTC Trading Symbol: DTVI), an Internet and Telecommunications Company and the exclusive online global domain name registrar for the Country of Vietnam (“the Company” or “Dot VN”), announced today that since it’s official launch of the Vietnamese Native Language Internationalized Domain Names (“Vietnamese IDN”) on April 28, 2011, registrations have exceeded 294,000 domain names which surpasses the total number of standard Vietnamese ccTLD registrations.
“We are very pleased with the continued excitement and demand for the Vietnamese Native Language domain names.” said Dot VN CEO Thomas Johnson. “We expect the continued explosive growth of the Vietnamese IDNs with the eventual launch of cutting edge features and applications such as social networking functionality, daily deals and group buying services which deliver the best offers and content to our users. Additionally, we believe that the IDNs will serve as the most effective way for advertisers and brand managers to reach and influence sophisticated and affluent Vietnamese consumers. Dot VN will continue to strive towards evolving the Vietnamese IDNs into the ultimate online community for the Country of Vietnam.”
About Dot VN:
Dot VN, Inc. (www.DotVN.com) provides innovative Internet and Telecommunication services for Vietnam and operates and manages Vietnam’s premier online media web property, www.INFO.VN. The Company is the “exclusive online global domain name registrar for .VN (Vietnam) and the recently launched Vietnamese Native Language Internationalized Domain Names (IDNs).” Dot VN is the sole distributor of Micro-Modular Data CentersTM solutions and E-Link 1000EXR Wireless Gigabit Radios to Vietnam and Southeast Asia region. Dot VN is headquartered in San Diego, California with offices in Hanoi, Danang and Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. For more information, visit www.DotVN.com.

IDN now supported by Google AdWords

If you write your ads in any language other than English, you may have wished that you could make your display URL consistent with the rest of your ad by showing your internationalized domain name. Today, we’re announcing that we now support non-ASCII characters, including non-Latin characters and Latin characters with accents and diacritics, in display and destination URLs.
When you create an ad in AdWords, you can now enter Unicode characters in the display and destination URL fields. To ensure that users will be able to reach your site, we’ll verify that the URL works properly in both Unicode and Punycode.
We also want to make sure that users are not shown URLs in any language other than their own, so we’ll render the display URL in Unicode characters only if its language matches the user’s Google interface language. In all other cases, it’ll be shown in Punycode.
Remember that all of our AdWords policies regarding display and destination URLs still apply. In particular, the domain of the display and destination URLs must match, so if you use non-ASCII characters in the display URL, make sure to do the same in the destination URL.
Additionally, if you include multi-byte characters, please note that the character limits may vary. For more information, please visit our Help Center.

Posted by Lisa Shieh, Inside AdWords crew

MEP Slams Bulgarian Govt for Falling Behind with Cyrillic Internet Domains

Bulgaria’s government is failing to facilitate the process for the introduction Internet domains in Cyrillic, Bulgarian Member of the European Parliament Ivaylo Kalfin declared after meeting the ICANN management in DC.

“The unwillingness of the Bulgarian government to provide arguments and to enter into a dialogue is an obstacle for the country and the EU as a whole for the registration of domains in Cyrillic,” said Kalfin, who was the Foreign Minister in the Stanishev Cabinet (2005-2009).

Kalfin has been received by Stephen Crocker who became Chair of the ICANN Board in June 2011, and by three of the Vice Presidents of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) in Washington.

Even though back in 2009 ICANN approved in principle the registration of non-Latin domains, Bulgaria does not have a domain of its own in Cyrillic yet.

In March 2011, ICANN technically rejected Bulgaria’s second attempt to register a domain name in Cyrillic with a “.бг” suffix, saying the country had slim chances for that.

ICANN refused to accept Bulgaria’s proposal for a domain name in Cyrillic with a “бг” suffix in May 2010, citing the similarity with Brazil’s domain name with a “.br” suffix as the reason for the rejection.

Bulgarians selected the now rejected “.бг” suffix with a large majority during the first poll, which showed the second most preferred suffix to be “.бгр”.

A poll, proposing four new versions for a Bulgarian domain in Cyrillic, was published at the end of July 2011 on the official site of the Transport and IT Ministry in a bid to pick the one with the largest public approval. The new versions that are subject to public discussion are “.българия,” “.бгр,” “бул” and/ or “.бя.”

The procedure for registering internet addresses with alphabets different than Latin was officially launched on November 16, 2009.

At the beginning of May three Mideast countries and Russia became the first to get Internet addresses entirely in non-Latin characters.

Domain names in Arabic for Egypt, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates were added to the Internet‘s master directories, following final approval last month by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers. A suffix for Russia in Cyrillic was also added to the list shortly afterward.

ICANN said it has received a total of 21 requests for such domains representing 11 languages so far. This was the first major change to the Internet domain name system since its creation in the 1980s.

During his meeting with Bulgarian MEP Kalfin, ICANN Board Chair Stephen Crocker has encouraged the EU to be more active with respect to the introduction of the new Internet protocol IPv6, the alternative to the already exhausted IPv4. According to ICANN, there will be no more addresses available for Europe and the Middle East under IPv4 by 2012.

While IPv4 is limited to 4.3 billion IP addresses, IPv6 has a capacity of 340 undecillion (340 trillion trillion) unique addresses, providing a solution to the problem with the rising number of IP addresses for mobile devices.

Even though the EC participated in the global day of IPv6 on June 8, the Commission as a whole believes that the transition is expensive and harbors many technical difficulties.

Source: Novinite.com

SGNIC Launches Internationalised Domain Names

On 15 June 2011, SGNIC announced the launch of Internationalised Domain Names (IDNs). The launch will take place in the following phases:

Sunrise Phase 1          4 July 11 – 15 August 11
Sunrise Phase 2         12 September 11 – 8 November 11
General Launch          14 December 11 onwards

Registrations of IDNs can be made with any of SGNIC’s participating accredited registrars and will only be available at the 2nd level i.e. “.新加坡” and “.சிங்கப்பூர்” which represent “Singapore” in the Chinese and Tamil languages respectively.

Registrations are subject to the “SGNIC Internationalised Domain Names (IDNs) Launch Guidelines” which prescribes policies and procedures concerning applications during the various phases, priority claims, biddings and other general implementation details.

Applications during the Sunrise Phases will be batch-processed while applications for the General Launch will be on a first-come-first-served basis. Please refer to the launch schedule and relevant documents below for more details.

For more information, you may wish to contact us at (+65) 6659-2534 or email us at dnq@sgnic.sg.

Launch Schedule

Milestones Duration Activities
Sunrise Phase 1 9:00am 4 Jul 11 to 5:00pm 15 Aug 11 Acceptance of applications from existing registrants of CDNs. Prefix of IDN registered for will need to match the prefix of the existing CDN. Bidding will ensue if there are multiple applications for the same domain name by registrants of similar priority eligibility. Names will be processed as a batch. Premium names will be available for registration.
9 Sep 11 Batch Activation of all names registered during Sunrise Phase 1.
Sunrise Phase 2 9:00am 12 Sep 11 to 5:00pm 8 Nov 11 Acceptance of applications from Trademark Holders, government Agencies and other interested entities and individuals. A priority sunrise fee of $100 for each name will apply to registrations from non-trademark holders and non-governmental agencies. Bidding will ensue if there are multiple applications for the same domain name by registrants of similar priority eligibility. Premium names will be available for registration. Names will be prpcessed as a batch.
Batch Activation of all names registered under Sunrise Phase 2.
General Launch 14 Dec 11 Acceptance of applications from all entities on a first-come-first-served basis. There will be no priority fee imposed. Premium names will be reserved and will not be available for registration.

Note:
SGNIC reserves the right to make changes to the above schedule with or without prior notice.

EURid and UNESCO assess IDN uptake

Brussels, 31 May 2011 – More work is needed to stimulate online multilingualism and the uptake of Internationalised Domain Names (IDNs), according to a new .eu Insights report published today by EURid, the registry for the .eu top-level domain (TLD). The report was prepared in cooperation with UNESCO, United Nations agency promoting multilingualism online.

In the report “Internationalised Domain Names – State of play”, 82% of TLD registries surveyed considered the addition of email support to be the single change that would improve the uptake of domain names in non-Latin based scripts. Despite IDNs being available for over ten years, user experience, browser support and domain name registration practices were also cited as barriers that limit multilingualism on the Internet.

“IDNs need to become more accessible to the consumer if the multilingual Internet is to become a reality,” said Marc Van Wesemael, General Manager of EURid. “We believe that EU businesses and residents should be able to easily use their own languages and alphabets online, which is why we implemented IDNs for .eu in all official EU languages.”

Mr Van Wesemael continues, “As the registry for the European top-level domain, we encourage online multilingualism and have a strong wish for the .eu extension to be written as Greek and Cyrillic characters in addition to today’s Latin .eu. We participate in various IDN working groups and committees to make this happen.”

The report includes data from UNESCO* outlining that of the world’s approximately 6 000 languages, only 12 account for 98% of all web pages and English, with 72% of web pages, dominates online. Latin-based TLDs show stronger IDN growth, reflecting the synergy between most European languages and Latin-script domain name extensions.

The .eu Insights report is available for download at: http://link.eurid.eu/insights. The .eu Insights series is based on surveys, studies and research conducted by EURid, in cooperation with industry experts and sector leaders.

*UNESCO 2008 “Securing a Place for a Language in Cyberspace”, Marcel Diki-Kidiri.

About .eu IDNs

Internationalised Domain Names are particularly important for .eu as the EU has 27 Member States and 23 official languages. EURid introduced IDNs under the .eu top-level domain in December 2009 supporting the accented-Latin, Greek and Cyrillic scripts, and registration patterns correlate with local language use. For more information about .eu IDNs, including a list of supported characters, please visit: http://link.eurid.eu/idns.