Popular Mail Client will support IDN in a new version

Starting with the version 6.0 The Bat! supports IDN (Internationalized Domain Names)

IDN (Internationalized Domain Names) are the domain names that contain national alphabet characters. The names composed from the characters of the non-latin alphabets, such as Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, etc., as well as the Latin alphabet-based characters with diacritics, such as French, German etc. are related to such domain names. Thus, The Bat! can process any addresses containing national alphabet characters. At the present time The Bat! v6 is at the stage of Alpha testing. You can take part in testing and discussing this version subscribing to the mailing list.

Verisign’s IDN Implementation Plans

The composition of the Internet’s population has seen a dramatic shift over the last two decades. In 1996, the majority of end users were based in the U.S.; according to a 2012 Comscore report, the non-English speaking Internet population has grown to 87 percent, with more than 40 percent based in the Asia-Pacific region. In order to embrace this population shift, we believe the Internet must become multilingual so it can be accessible and relevant to the majority of end users today.

By enabling more end users to navigate the Internet in scripts representing their native language and more companies to maintain a common brand identity across many scripts, IDNs have the potential to make the Internet more accessible and thus usable to end users around the world. This accessibility is why IDNs have generated considerable attention since Verisign introduced IDNs at the second-level in 2000.

As you may already know, last year Verisign applied for 12 transliterations of .com and .net through ICANN’s new gTLD program:

We worked with linguistic experts to identify regionally specific transliterations that represent a localized version of .com and .net into one of several non-Latin scripts.  Although transliterations are not direct translations of the strings .com and .net, based on our research into the regional markets, we determined these transliterations to be good options for representing .com or .net in the local script.

We believe this approach will provide the greatest consistency to users, help avoid end-user confusion, and foster trust and ubiquity for IDNs.

Recently, Verisign announced details about our IDN.IDN implementation plans. Through this approach, a registrant of an IDN.com or IDN.net or registrant in one of our new IDN TLDs will have the sole right, subject to applicable rights protection mechanisms, but not be required to register the same second level name across all or any of our IDN TLDS, including .com or .net TLD as applicable.

While further details can be found in our notification letter to ICANN, below are two use cases that illustrate our approach:

 

  • Use Case No. 1: Bob Smith already has a registration for an IDN.net second level domain name.  That second level domain name will be unavailable in all of the new .net TLDs except to Bob Smith. Bob Smith may choose not to register that second level domain name in any of the new transliterations of the .net TLDs.
  • Use Case No. 2:  John Doe does not have a registration for an IDN.com second level domain name.  John Doe registers a second level domain name in our Thai transliteration of .com but in no other TLD. That second level domain name will be unavailable in all other transliterations of .com IDN TLDs and in the .com registry unless and until John Doe (and only John Doe) registers it in another .com IDN TLD or in the .com registry.

Two primary objectives in our strategy to implement new IDN gTLDs are, where feasible, to avoid costs to consumers and businesses from purely defensive registrations in these new TLDs, as well as to avoid end-user confusion. We believe this implementation strategy will be an important benefit to the community and will help create a ubiquitous user experience.

In addition to serving as the registry operator for .com and .net with a record of maintaining 100 percent uninterrupted availability for more than 15 years, Verisign is a participant in, and contributor to, the new gTLD program, with 14 direct applications and as a back-end registry services provider for new gTLD applicants representing approximately 200 strings. As such, security, stability and resiliency remains Verisign’s primary focus as the company prepares for the IDN TLD launch.

ICANN: String Similarity IDN Variant Review Results

In an announcement on 26 February 2013, ICANN published a list of string similarity contention sets wherein two or more applied-for gTLD strings are identical or so nearly resemble one another visually that they are likely to cause confusion. In ICANN’s New gTLD program, string similarity checks on Internationalized Domain Name (IDN) strings go beyond visual resemblance. The string similarity panel has now completed a review of potential IDN variant characters. Based on this review, two (2) contention sets of potential IDN variant strings have been identified.

U-Label Unicode Code Points A-Label Application ID
盛贸饭店
盛貿飯店
U+76DB, U+8D38, U+996D, U+5E97
U+76DB, U+8CBF, U+98EF, U+5E97
xn--hxt035czzpffl
xn--hxt035cmppuel
1-940-43388
1-940-75591
点看
點看
U+70B9, U+770B
U+9EDE, U+770B
xn--3pxu8k
xn--c1yn36f
1-1254-85868
1-1254-86222

As per section 1.3.3 of the Applicant Guidebook “Multiple applicants apply for strings that are identified by ICANN as variants of one another. These applications will be placed in a contention set and will follow the contention resolution procedures in Module 4.” For more information and the procedures used to perform the IDN variant review see the IDN Variant TLDs – Integrated Issues Report, Appendix 5 at http://www.icann.org/en/topics/idn/idn-vip-integrated-issues-final-clean-20feb12-en.pdf [PDF, 2.1 MB].

The IDN Variant TLD Program is tasked to develop solutions and define necessary processes that must be in place to enable future delegation of IDN variant TLDs. More information about this program can be found at: http://www.icann.org/en/resources/idn/variant-tlds

View all String Contention Sets: PDF [167 KB], CSV [67 KB]

ICANN: IDN ccTLD Request From Sudan Successfully Passes String Evaluation

ICANN is pleased to announce the successful completion of String Evaluation on proposed IDN ccTLD string for Sudan.

Details of the successful evaluation are provided here: http://www.icann.org/en/resources/idn/fast-track/string-evaluation-completion/s

The IDN (Internationalized Domain Name) ccTLD Fast Track Process was approved by the ICANN Board at its annual meeting in Seoul, South Korea on 30 October 2009. First requests were received starting 16 November 2009. The process enables countries and territories to submit requests to ICANN for IDN ccTLDs, representing their respective country or territory names in scripts other than Latin. IDN ccTLD requesters must fulfill a number of requirements:

  • the script used to represent the IDN ccTLDs must be non-Latin;
  • the languages used to express the IDN ccTLDs must be official in the corresponding country or territory; and
  • a specific set of technical requirements must be met (as evaluated by an external DNS Stability Panel comprised of DNS and IDN experts).

Google Registers 18 IDN Domains

National Business Daily reported:  18 domain names registered by Internet giant which included

adsense.中国、adwords.中国、android.中国、blogspot.中国、chrome.中国、chromium.中国、 doubleclick.中国、gmail.中国、google.中国、googlemail.中国、googlemaps.中国、 googleplus.中国、igoogle.中国、nexus.中国、orkut.中国、picasa.中国、postini.中国、youtube. 中国

.中国 is the Chinese IDN ccTLD.

The well-known IT commentator Cao Yueping says 18 domain registrations is a signal that China is still remains as a key market for Google. China Mobile Internet Industry Alliance Secretary-General Lee Yi says that is just a protective registration. However Google declined to comment.

EURid, UNESCO to present report on IDNs

The .eu registry EURid and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) will present on 6 November a report on the global uptake of Internationalised Domain Names (IDNs).

The study is planned to go out at the 7th Internet Governance Forum (IGF) meeting in Baku, Azerbaijan and it will present updates to the report published in 2011 on the global use of Internationalised domain names which support non-Latin scripts and multilingualism online.

IDNs* have become strongly linked with Internet governance discussions on multilingualism. Of approximately 6 000 languages in the world, only 12 languages accounted for 98% of Internet web pages in 2008, while, according to UNESCO data, English was the dominant language online with 72% of web pages.

According to last year’s joint report, the introduction of IDNs in the Internet root domain was an important milestone in the development of multilingualism on the Internet, especially for non-Latin scripts, including Arabic and Cyrillic.

In addition, the study concluded that IDNs were only one factor in achieving a multilingual Internet, but there was what more to be done to achieve this aim, including securing basic Internet access for the majority of the world’s population, as well as strengthening the environment for creating local language content.

Furthermore, the links between IDN registrations and local languages were classified as ‘strong’, as for example the intensity of .eu IDN registrations in Greece (Greek script) and Bulgaria (Cyrillic script).

Last but not least, it was suggested that implementation of key services like email would further benefit uptake, making IDNs fully useable.

On the other hand, keeping in mind that by 2016 around 50% of the world population is expected to be also internet users, the threats associated with growth of domain names increase. Among the most common threats associated with growth of domain names include phishing, counterfeiting and digital piracy.

Interest towards domain names is definitely growing with every single year. The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (Icann) for example published in June this year a list containing more than 1 900 new domain name suggestions. Out of the 1 900 new suggestions, only 166 were of non-Latin scripts.

by Stanislava Gaydazhieva

ICANN: IDN Variant TLD Program Update

The IDN Variant TLD Program has the following two updates:

  1. Volunteer Team formed to assist the development of the Label Generation Ruleset Process for the Domain Name System (DNS) Root Zone

    ICANN is pleased to announce the formation of a global volunteer team, comprised of community experts, who will work with ICANN on the project to define the Label Generation Ruleset Process for the DNS root zone. This project is part of the IDN Variant TLD Program (see below) that is intended to lead to the delegation of IDN Variant TLDs.  Delegation of these types of IDN TLDs is expected to broaden global participation in the domain name system, but must be accomplished in a way that ensures good user experience.

    This particular project will develop  the process to define allowed code points, corresponding exchangeable variant code points, and related allowed states for IDN Variant TLDs.

    The project requires significant technical expertise and the individual members of the volunteer team (listed below) possess capabilities in IDNA, Domain Name System, Linguistics, Unicode and Policy Development.

    The volunteer team will undertake the work through periodic teleconference calls and two face-to-face meetings. The first meeting will be on 29-30 August 2012 in Los Angeles, United States. The second two-day working session is planned during the ICANN meeting in Toronto, Canada. There will be an open public session in the Toronto meeting at which ICANN staff and volunteer team representatives will present an update on the progress and answer questions. Read the rest of this entry »

ICANN: New IDN gTLD Applied-For Strings

 

String [1] Applicant Location [2] Community? [3] Geographic? [4]
дети The Foundation for Network Initiatives “The Smart Internet” RU - -
католик Pontificium Consilium de Comunicationibus Socialibus (PCCS) (Pontifical Council for Social Communication) VA Yes -
ком VeriSign Sarl CH - -
москва Foundation for Assistance for Internet Technologies and Infrastructure Development (FAITID) RU - Yes
онлайн CORE Association CH - -
орг Public Interest Registry US - -
рус Rusnames Limited RU Yes -
сайт CORE Association CH - -
קוֹם VeriSign Sarl CH - -
ابوظبي Abu Dhabi Systems and Information Centre AE - Yes
اتصالات Emirates Telecommunications Corporation (trading as Etisalat) AE - -
ارامكو Aramco Services Company US - -
العليان Olayan Investments Company Establishment LI - -
بازار CORE Association CH - -
بيتك Kuwait Finance House KW - -
شبكة International Domain Registry Pty. Ltd. AU - -
عرب League of Arab States EG - -
كاثوليك Pontificium Consilium de Comunicationibus Socialibus (PCCS) (Pontifical Council for Social Communication) VA Yes -
كوم VeriSign Sarl CH - -
كيوتل Qatar Telecom (Qtel) QA - -
موبايلي GreenTech Consultancy Company W.L.L. BH - -
موزايك Qatar Telecom (Qtel) QA - -
موقع Suhub Electronic Establishment SA - -
همراه Asia Green IT System Bilgisayar San. ve Tic. Ltd. Sti. TR - -
कॉम VeriSign Sarl CH - -
नेट VeriSign Sarl CH - -
संगठन Public Interest Registry US - -
คอม VeriSign Sarl CH - -
みんな Charleston Road Registry Inc. US - -
アマゾン Amazon EU S.à r.l. LU - -
クラウド Amazon EU S.à r.l. LU - -
グーグル Charleston Road Registry Inc. US - -
コム VeriSign Sarl CH - -
ストア Amazon EU S.à r.l. LU - -
セール Amazon EU S.à r.l. LU - -
ファッション Amazon EU S.à r.l. LU - -
ポイント Amazon EU S.à r.l. LU - -
一号店 Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. US - -
世界 Stable Tone Limited HK - -
中信 CITIC Group Corporation CN - -
中文网 TLD REGISTRY LIMITED IE - -
亚马逊 Amazon EU S.à r.l. LU - -
企业 Dash McCook, LLC US - -
佛山 Guangzhou YU Wei Information Technology Co., Ltd. CN - Yes
信息 Afilias Limited IE - -
信息 Beijing Tele-info Network Technology Co., Ltd. CN - -
健康 Stable Tone Limited HK - -
八卦 Zodiac Scorpio Limited HK - -
公司 Computer Network Information Center of Chinese Academy of Sciences (China Internet Network Information Center) CN - -
公益 China Organizational Name Administration Center CN - -
商城 Zodiac Capricorn Limited HK - -
商店 Wild Island, LLC US - -
商标 HU YI GLOBAL INFORMATION RESOURCES(HOLDING) COMPANY.HONGKONG LIMITED HK - -
嘉里 Kerry Trading Co. Limited HK - -
嘉里大酒店 Kerry Trading Co. Limited HK - -
在线 TLD REGISTRY LIMITED IE - -
大众汽车 Volkswagen (China) Investment Co., Ltd. CN Yes -
大拿 VeriSign Sarl CH - -
天主教 Pontificium Consilium de Comunicationibus Socialibus (PCCS) (Pontifical Council for Social Communication) VA Yes -
娱乐 Morden Media Limited KY - -
娱乐 Will Bloom, LLC US - -
家電 Amazon EU S.à r.l. LU - -
工行 Industrial and Commercial Bank of China Limited CN - -
广东 Xinhua News Agency Guangdong Branch 新华通讯社广东分社 CN Yes Yes
广东 Guangzhou YU Wei Information Technology Co., Ltd. CN - Yes
广州 Guangzhou YU Wei Information Technology Co., Ltd. CN - Yes
微博 Sina Corporation CN - -
微博 Tencent Holdings Limited CN - -
慈善 Excellent First Limited KY - -
我爱你 Tycoon Treasure Limited KY - -
手机 Beijing RITT-Net Technology Development Co., Ltd CN - -
手表 Richemont DNS Inc. CH - -
招聘 HU YI GLOBAL INFORMATION RESOURCES (HOLDING) COMPANY. HONGKONG LIMITED HK - -
政务 China Organizational Name Administration Center CN Yes -
政府 Net-Chinese Co., Ltd. TW - -
新闻 Xinhua News Agency Guangdong Branch 新华通讯社广东分社 CN - -
时尚 RISE VICTORY LIMITED CN - -
普利司通 Bridgestone Corporation JP - -
書籍 Amazon EU S.à r.l. LU - -
机构 Public Interest Registry US - -
机构体制 Public Interest Registry US - -
欧莱雅 L’Oréal FR - -
淡马锡 Temasek Holdings (Private) Limtied SG - -
深圳 Guangzhou YU Wei Information Technology Co., Ltd. CN - Yes
游戏 Spring Fields, LLC US - -
点看 VeriSign Sarl CH - -
珠宝 Richemont DNS Inc. CH - -
盛貿飯店 Shangri‐La International Hotel Management Limited HK - -
盛贸饭店 Shangri‐La International Hotel Management Limited HK - -
移动 Afilias Limited IE - -
网址 HU YI GLOBAL INFORMATION RESOURCES (HOLDING) COMPANY. HONGKONG LIMITED HK - -
网址 Top Level Domain Holdings Limited VG - -
网店 Global eCommerce TLD Asia Limited HK - -
网店 Zodiac Libra Limited HK - -
网站 RISE VICTORY LIMITED CN - -
网站 Global Website TLD Asia Limited HK - -
网络 Computer Network Information Center of Chinese Academy of Sciences (China Internet Network Information Center) CN - -
联通 China United Network Communications Corporation Limited CN - -
诺基亚 Nokia Corporation FI - -
谷歌 Charleston Road Registry Inc. US - -
购物 Top Level Domain Holdings Limited VG - -
通用电气公司 GE GTLD Holdings LLC US - -
通販 Amazon EU S.à r.l. LU - -
集团 Eagle Horizon Limited KY - -
電訊盈科 PCCW Enterprises Limited HK - -
飞利浦 Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. NL - -
食品 Amazon EU S.à r.l. LU - -
餐厅 HU YI GLOBAL INFORMATION RESOURCES (HOLDING) COMPANY. HONGKONG LIMITED HK - -
香格里拉 Shangri‐La International Hotel Management Limited HK - -
香港電訊 PCCW-HKT DataCom Services Limited HK - -
點看 VeriSign Sarl CH - -
닷넷 VeriSign Sarl CH - -
닷컴 VeriSign Sarl CH - -
삼성 SAMSUNG SDS CO., LTD KR - -
  1. String [1]: ASCII or Unicode for IDN strings
  2. Location [2]: Indicated by applicant as primary country of business. Two-letter country code is based on ISO 3166-1 code lists. See http://www.iso.org/iso/country_codes/iso_3166_code_lists/country_names_and_code_elements.htm
  3. Community? [3]: Based on applicant’s answer to question 19
  4. Geographic? [4]: Based on applicant’s answer to question 21

Verisign Announces Participation in ICANN’s New gTLD Program

RESTON, VA — (Marketwire) — 06/13/12 — VeriSign, Inc. (NASDAQ: VRSN), the trusted provider of Internet infrastructure services for the networked world, today announced that the Company applied for nine Internationalized Domain Name (IDN) transliterations of .com and three IDN transliterations of .net. These applications represent 12 of the 14 new generic Top Level Domain (gTLD) applications that Verisign submitted through the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) new gTLD program.

“Verisign welcomes the opportunity to participate in the global market growth for domain names and registry services that ICANN’s new gTLD program will bring. We believe our experience will serve businesses and consumers who demand greater performance and reliability from Internet infrastructure,” said Jim Bidzos, chairman and chief executive officer of Verisign.

Verisign applied for IDN transliterations of .com in the following nine non-Latin based scripts: Arabic, Cyrillic, Devanagari (Indian), Hangul (Korean), Hebrew, Hiragana and Katakana (Japanese), Simplified Chinese, Thai and Traditional Chinese. Verisign also applied for IDN transliterations of .net in Devanagari, Hangul and Simplified Chinese scripts.

“Internationalized Domain Names will make the Internet more personal to end users around the world by allowing them to identify themselves using their native language scripts,” said Pat Kane, senior vice president and general manager of Naming Services at Verisign. “These non-Latin-based transliterations of .com and .net should provide new opportunities and more choices for global Internet users.”

In addition to the 12 IDN transliterations of .com and .net, Verisign applied for .verisign and .comsec.

Finally, as previously announced, applicants for approximately 220 new gTLDs selected Verisign to provide back-end registry services.

About Verisign
VeriSign, Inc. (NASDAQ: VRSN) is the trusted provider of Internet infrastructure services for the networked world. Billions of times each day, Verisign helps companies and consumers all over the world connect between the dots. Additional news and information about the company is available at www.VerisignInc.com.

PIR announce Four New gTLD’s IDN of .ORG

The Registry Submits Applications to ICANN for Four Top-Level Internationalized Domain Names

RESTON, Va., May 31, 2012 /PRNewswire-Asia/ — Public Interest Registry( http://www.pir.org ) (PIR) – the not-for-profit operator of the .ORG domain – today applied for the creation and management of four internationalized domain names (IDNs) recognized as .ORG in non-Latin-based scripts. As part of its application to the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), PIR submitted for the generic top-level domains (gTLDs) that translate “organization,” “org” or “structured organization” into Devanagari, Cyrillic and Chinese-simplified scripts. The four applications- one in Devanagari, one in Cyrillic, and two in simplified Chinese- were filed as part of ICANN’s global Internet expansion initiative which will go into effect as early as 2013.

“With each IDN launch, the Internet takes a big step toward becoming a truly global entity,” said Brian Cute, CEO of Public Interest Registry. “These specific IDNs help ensure the Internet’s accessibility and availability to millions of individuals worldwide – especially those who do not speak Latin-based languages like English, French, German and Spanish, and who were previously offline or only use the Internet in a limited way.”

PIR took the first step in supporting non-English languages in 2005 through the introduction of IDNs at the second level – IDNs where the name (left of the dot) is in a non-English language and the gTLD (right of the dot) remains in English. While these second-level IDNs proved useful in countries such as Sweden, Denmark, Hungary, Iceland, Poland and Korea (among others), they do not directly address communities who use languages such as Arabic or Chinese that are either character-driven or read right to left. These four new IDNs will provide a holistic, in-language domain name for native speakers of Devanagari, Cyrillic and Chinese, resulting in a consistent end-user experience and overall adoption of IDNs.

“Conservative estimates show that at least 20 percent of the world’s population speaks in a language derived from these scripts,” added Mr. Cute. “The Chinese IDN, for example, will make the Internet more user-friendly by enabling relevant Internet users to write a domain name or URL exactly the way it is supposed to be written in its native language – without substitution or translation.”

In addition to applying for the four IDNs, PIR also submitted an application for the creation and management of the .NGO and .ONG domain names. Since its inception in 2002, PIR has served the interests of not-for-profit and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) online. The registry plans to expand its position as an advocate for these communities by providing an exclusive domain extension for NGOs looking for immediate recognition online and broader opportunities for public engagement, funding and partnerships.

ICANN plans to announce all TLD applicants in June and will review all applications during a “batching process” in the months ahead. For more information on PIR, please visit www.pir.org.

About Public Interest Registry Public Interest Registry (PIR) is a nonprofit corporation that operates the .ORG top-level domain — the world’s third largest “generic” top-level domain with more than 9.9 million domain names registered worldwide. As an advocate for collaboration, safety and security on the Internet, PIR’s mission is to empower the global noncommercial community to use the Internet more effectively, and to take a leadership position among Internet stakeholders on policy and other issues relating to the domain naming system. Public Interest Registry was founded by the Internet Society in 2002 and is based in Reston, Virginia, USA.

SOURCE Public Interest Registry